Regulatory status Regulatory status Type Kind, effects, or uses of additives Type Kind, effects, or uses of additives BAN Substances banned before the Food Additives Amendments Act (FAA) due to toxicity. ILL Substances used or proposed to be used as direct food additives without requiring approval under the FAA.
Today, over 10,000 chemicals are permitted to be added to foodstuffs and foodstuff-contact materials in the U.S., directly and indirectly, pursuant to amendments made to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 (FFDCA) by Food Additives Act of 1958 (Public Law Number 85-929). Many of the 10 000+ chemicals were grandfathered in to federal use prior to the 1958 Amendment, and it is estimated that 1,000 chemicals are used through generally recognized as safe (GRAS) designation procedures, which do not require FDA approval. In all, more than 3,000 food chemicals are added intentionally to our food supply, but it is much easier and cheaper than you might think to avoid more than 3.
Watch out, because foods deemed to be healthy and labelled natural contain a lot of harmful chemicals used as food preservatives and flavour enhancers — and those chemicals are often disguised with unfamiliar names. Fortunately, as is the case with most scams, educated consumers are now looking for alternatives to artificial chemicals, which, in turn, is forcing food producers to get creative… which is why, more often than not, food chemicals are rebranded under names less synthetic than their original, older names. At the start of the food-processing revolution, beginning shortly after WWII, manufacturers did not bother hiding newly added synthetically manufactured food additives.
Synthetic dyes provide colors for food products, but are not essential, and are often used to make it appear as though a food contains actual fruits or vegetables, when it does not, says Megan McBride. Flavor enhancers boost flavors that are already in food, do not offer a distinct flavour of their own, and they may also be naturally occurring. Some common food additives are used to compensate for colour losses in manufacturing due to light, air, temperature extremes, moisture, and storage conditions, and also for colour enhancement and providing colour in colourless foods. Food additives are used for many reasons, including improving taste or texture, increasing nutritional value, and maintaining the products safety from manufacture to pantry.
Food additives are typically listed toward the bottom of an ingredients list, since they are typically found in smaller amounts. To look up indirect food additives under parts 175, 176, 177, and 178, please refer to FDAs Indirect Additives Used in Food Contact Substances. Go to the Food Ingredients and Packaging Inventory on the FDA food website to review FDAs multiple database listings for additive categories.
This list organizes additives found in numerous parts of 21 Codes of Federal Regulations into one alphabetized list. Health Canadas food additive dictionary gives you an alphabetical listing of all the food additives considered safe to use by Health Canada. Health Canada makes sure all food additives, including preservatives, are not endangering the health of Canadians.
Possible Health Concerns Some people are usually wary of all chemical additives, including Sodium Benzoate. Overall Safety The FDA allows for a maximum of 0.1% sodium benzoate by weight concentrations in foods and beverages. Foods & Drinks Sodium Benzoate was the first preservative FDA allowed in foods, and it is still an extensively used food additive.
Various Uses in Different Industries In addition to Sodium Benzoate used in processed foods and beverages, Sodium Benzoate is added in certain medicines, cosmetics, personal care products, and industrial products. Sodium benzoate is most well known for being a preservative used in processed foods and beverages for shelf-life extension, although it has a few other uses. Sodium benzoate is typically used in foods, such as soft drinks, canned lemon juice, pickles, jellies, salad dressings, soy sauces, and other condiments.
Sodium benzoate is a preservative added to certain soft drinks, packaged foods, and personal care products in order to extend the shelf life. Other uses Sodium benzoate is commonly used as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care products, such as hair products, baby wipes, toothpaste, and mouthwash. Potassium sorbate is a man-made, chemically-based preservative that has been used for nearly 200 years to keep foods, beverages, and personal care products from spoilage caused by fungi (such as mold), bacteria, and other germs, according to the United States Department of Agriculture. Potassium sorbate is also used to keep yeast from continuing to ferment during the winemaking process, according to Virginia Techs Food Science and Technology department.
Nitrates/nitrites are used to prolong the shelf-life of foods and to preserve them, inhibiting growth by organisms that could occasionally cause death. In addition to slowing or stopping changes to color, taste, or texture, preservatives protect against food spoilage caused by organisms like bacteria, mold, and yeast. Food preservatives are defined as compounds that delay spoilage caused by microorganisms as well as by other means, such as oxidation. In packaged foods, those given an organic designation are prohibited from using ingredients thathave adverse effects on human health, according to the EWG. If a supplement contains any allergen covered under the Consumer Protection of Food Allergens Labeling Act (FALCPA)–a list which currently includes eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish, and shellfish–the allergen should be listed on the label. For all of these reasons, take caution before telling a business that using a specific food additive is prohibited or otherwise restricted. Uses in Cattle and Chicken Feeds-558.185 Coumarin-SY/FS, BAN, Any food that contains Coumarin added either as such or as part of Tonka Beans or Tonka Extract is adulterated.